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July 24, 2011
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Outrage

By 1775, the 13 British colonies in North America were outraged at such high taxation without any representation. The Americans have been burdened heavily by the high taxation. Across the Atlantic Ocean in Britain, King George III is getting outraged. His colonies are in near revolt, they are his subjects, Englishmen, yes not born in England but Englishmen just the same. He is their ruler and it is because of them that his empire is going broke. Decades ago, King George III sent British troops to defend the colonies from French and Native American invaders in what is today called the French and Indian War. While Britain won the war and gained Canada, the war nearly bankrupted Britain and now they need the money. Since Britain has no other choice than raising the taxes that is what they do. Several outrageous had happened following the rise in taxation. The British sent regiments to Boston where most of the outrage had occurred including: the Boston Massacre; and the Boston Tea Party. Several delegates from the colonies met in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania where they sent a message to the king ordering him to lower taxes or else the colonies will revolt. The king did not accept and now the revolution seem inevitable.

Lexington and Concord

British General Thomas Gage has been put in charge of the British troops in Boston, Massachusetts; he has a total of 3,000 troops in Boston. The Americans outnumber him with over 5,000 militia troops. Gage is ordered to send 1,700 troops to towns like Lexington and Concord where thousands of weapons are stockpiled. On April 19, 1775 the British army moved its way to Lexington and Concord. The first shots were fired at Lexington where the British won a small victory against the Americans. The British marched to Concord where they were ambushed by the rebels. British troops now ran back to Boston as up to 4,000 American troops followed them all the way back. With the British now back in Boston, the Americans now siege the city. As the war continued the Americans took Fort Ticonderoga from the British putting pressure on Gage and he is dismissed and replaced by three generals: General William Howe, the overall commander; General Henry Clinton; and General John Burgoyne.

Bunker Hill

On June 16, 1775, American rebels now gathered at Bunker Hill by order of the newly appointed commander, George Washington. Then the Americans move a hill closer to the British on Breed's Hill. They dig in a position that puts them across Boston harbor in view of Boston and the British fleet. The next day the British fleet fires on the American positions at Breed's Hill. About 1,400 militia have dug in defenses on the hill and watch as 2,600 British troops are ordered to cross the harbor an attack being led by Howe. The British form lines and march up the hill but they are twice forced back. On the third charge they take Breed's and Bunker Hills. In order to force them out of Boston, General Washington orders the newly taken artillery from Fort Ticonderoga are placed on Dorchester Heights across the harbor. The next day after seeing the artillery on the heights, General Howe evacuates the city. British troops and loyalists, the supporters of the British gather onto the British ships and sail from Boston. The Americans celebrate as Boston, the birthplace of the revolution, is back in American hands.
The beggining of the revolution.

Picture: Britain's King George III

I do not own this picture.

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:iconrd-dd1843:
RD-DD1843 Featured By Owner May 23, 2012
I have always felt rather bad for our last formal king. George III was actually the first Hanovarian who the British liked. For one thing he had been born in the British Isles, so he spoke English without the heavy accents of his grandfather and great -grandfather. He did not imprison his wife and help kill her lover like his great grandfather did. He did not have a series of love affairs and tell his wife about them as his grandfather supposedly did. He was a homebody who liked music and actually showed a real interest in what his subjects did with their lives. His flaw was understandable. George I and George II had little involvement with the politics of their reigns outside of their favorites. They left things in the hands of Stanhope, Walpole, Carteret, the Pelhams, and Pitt. That was why the British political system strengthened itself as opposed to it's continental contemporaries. But George was brought up by his mother and her advisor (lover?) Lord Bute, and he instilled a reminder that George was the king. So George tried to return the clock to the age of Charles II and Wiliam III, the last two really actively political monarchs. He came close (knowing how to buy support and build favorable coalitions) but he came accroper because of those damned colonists. He never could figure out why.

Most people in the U. S. do not realize what a brave and decent man he really was. HIS real highpoint was in 1780 in Windsor Castle. The mad anti-Catholic Lord George Gordon was leading mobs in London who were attacking the mint, destroying the Lord Chancellor's home, and even burning Newgate Prison. King George was approached (timidly) by Lord North and the Cabinet to flee Windsor, because the mob might show up from London. George faced his cabinet and refused: "If I leave Windsor, George Gordon is King of England!!!" he shouted. His backbone reanimated his leadership, and shortly they broke the Gordon riots. In our studies of the American Revolutions we rarely note that when the going was really bad, George III showed he had guts.
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:icontitanicfan1000:
Titanicfan1000 Featured By Owner May 23, 2012  Student Writer
I really wonder who they teach the American Revolution in British classes. Because to me it does seem fair for us to pay for our own protection. And don't we may taxes for our own military anyway?
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:iconrd-dd1843:
RD-DD1843 Featured By Owner May 23, 2012
It is sensible in the overall effect of the proposed taxes, but the real problem was that the colonies had been evading the pressure of taxation for years. There was supposed to be an argument (Franklin was to get bogged down arguing for it) about external taxation v. internal taxation - that the internal ones like the Townshend Acts and the Tea Act were not traditional while the external ones (customs duties) were. Of course this ignored that in 13 colonies where smuggling was a respected trade, external taxes were frequently evaded. I don't remember who, but one historian said that the middle and working classes of the 13 colonies were possibly the most prosperous people in those classes in the entire world of the 1750s and 1760s. Certainly more prosperous than their British cousins.
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:icontitanicfan1000:
Titanicfan1000 Featured By Owner Sep 17, 2012  Student Writer
How do they teach the American Revolution in Britain?
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:iconrd-dd1843:
RD-DD1843 Featured By Owner Oct 2, 2012
A great deal of this I picked up in my own reading.
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